2BSD Assessment and Instructional Resources

The Self-Determination
Assessment Internet

header_logo for Sharons site

The Self-Determination Assessment Internet measures cognitive, affective, and behavioral factors related to self-determination. These factors are assessed from the perspectives of the student, advisor, and parent. The battery includes three instruments: the Self-Determination Student Scale (SDSS), the Self-Determination Parent Perception Scale and the Self-Determination Advisor Perception Scale. Two options are provided for the Self-Determination Student Scale: the original instrument that asks students to respond to each item with “that’s me” or “that’s not me” or an updated short form where students respond on a five point scale (1=that’s not me; 5=That’s me) to 43 items. The original instrument was normed on students in K-12 settings who ranged in age from 14 to 22. The short form was normed on students in college settings.  The original instrument is geared toward younger students and for those for whom it may be more appropriate to provide a simple “that’s me” or “that’s not me” response. The newer, short form (SDSS-SF)  encourages students to make more refined judgements in their responses.  Both versions of the SDSS provide students with scores for each of the five components of the Self-Determination Action Model, i.e., Know Yourself and Your Context, Value Yourself, Plan, Act, and Experience Outcomes and Learn as well as a score for the entire instrument. Component scores can be used to help students learn about their strengths and areas for improvement related to self-determination. The instruments can be used individually, or in combination, to provide information to students, and those who support them (e.g., teachers, advisors, counselors, parents),  about students’ knowledge, skills, and beliefs related to self-determination. The instruments can also be used on a repeated basis to measure students’ growth in self-determination over time.

For more information about the Self-Determination Assessment Internet, please visit www.ealyeducation.com.

Steps to Self-Determination

Book coverSteps to Self Determination is a curriculum designed to help middle and high school students learn to define and achieve goals that are important to them. The curriculum addresses five key elements of self-determination.

  • Know Yourself and Your Environment
  • Value Yourself
  • Plan
  • Act
  • Experience Outcomes and Learn

Major skill and knowledge areas addressed in the curriculum include identifying strengths, weaknesses, needs, and preferences; decision-making skills; building positive relationships; understanding rights and responsibilities; goal setting; anticipating consequences; creativity; communication skills; accessing resources and support; negotiating; and experiencing and learning from outcomes.

Actively setting and working toward goals is emphasized in the curriculum and is central to the activities students complete between class sessions. The curriculum is designed to be used with students with and without disabilities in a variety of scheduling arrangements. The 21-session curriculum can be used as part of an existing course, as an extracurricular activity, as a specially arranged group or as a one-to-one coaching tool. Teachers are encouraged to participate in the curriculum as co-learners with the students. Parents or other significant support persons in the students’ lives also are encouraged to be involved in the curriculum with the students at key points.

Steps to Self-Determination is available from
8700 Shoal Creek Blvd.
Austin, TX. 78757
Tel: 512/451-3246 Fax: 512/451-8542

Self-Determination Strategies for Adolescents in Transition: Case Studies

Case Study cover

Self-Determination Strategies: Case Studies of Adolescents in Transition, Second Edition is a guide for educators, counselors, disability service providers, and college instructors who work with youth during their transitions from high school to postsecondary education. While the behaviors and skills presented in this book can help all youth enjoy more self-determined transitions to college, it also highlights unique needs and opportunities for students with LD, ADHD, Asperger syndrome, and intellectual disabilities. The realistic case studies in this book introduce readers to high school and college students with disabilities. They demonstrate how parents, teachers, employers, disability service providers and others apply strategies, direct instruction, and academic coaching to guide and support these emerging adults while also respecting their right to make decisions and learn from their life experiences.

Self-Determination Strategies: Case Studies of Adolescents in Transition is available from
8700 Shoal Creek Blvd.
Austin, TX. 78757
Tel: 512/451-3246 Fax: 512/451-8542

Self-Determination Instructional and Assessment Strategies

SD Instructional Strategies cover

This book by Michael Wehmeyer and Sharon Field offers detailed and current practitioner-oriented approaches to self-determination in combination with extensive teacher reproducibles—all within the context of inclusion, standards-based reform, and access to the general curriculum. Linked to the IDEA requirement for individualized transition plans, this user-friendly resource assists practitioners in teaching the skills necessary for making decisions about employment, job skills, further schooling, and independent living. Educators will discover how to:


  • Encourage students to become their own advocates by practicing assertive behavior
  • Use needs-assessment techniques to determine the level of instruction required for each student
  • Teach effective choice making, problem solving, and goal setting
  • Support both families and fellow educators in their efforts to teach self-determination skills

Instructional and Assessment Strategies to Promote Self-Determination is available from

2590 Conejo Spectrum Drive
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Tel. 800/233-9936  Fax 800/417-2466